The ACNN will assist the development of a range of community based economic activity, centered around a range of integrated resources in the area, such as;
The majority of rural farmers practice shifting small-scale cultivation, which leads to significant deforestation. Adopting methods of improved yield and harvest will help to slow the opening of new fields through cutting of natural forest, but also deliver higher yields and optimal crop diversity. This increase in productivity will be matched with improved access to markets in order to allow for a wholly impacted small-scale agricultural sector in the region.
LOCALLY CONTROLLED TIMBER AND CHARCOAL CONCESSIONS
Charcoal production is a significant activity in the area, largely in response to the demand from markets in the main regional towns, especially Lichinga. Miombo woodland can be harvested at a sustainable rate but current production is unregulated and unsustainable. The ACNN will promote ways of sustainably harvesting wood to supply the trade, improving kiln efficiency and ensuring that fair prices are paid for the product.
IMPROVED CASH CROPPING
Tobacco is probably the most important cash crop grown by subsistence farmers in Niassa Province. Several tobacco companies maintain an expanding marketing presence in the area, which has had the effect of substantially increasing land under tobacco. As with subsistence agriculture, improved planting, cropping and, crucially, drying method, may help slow the rate of associated deforestation.
COMMUNITY BASED PLANTATION FORESTRY
Recent years have seen an expanding commercial forestry program emerging in the Lichinga highlands. Plantation forestry can continue to be one of the main income generating industries in the region and the expansion of community controlled plantations is a priority of the ACNN.
Rural beekeeping and honey extraction is a feature of some miombo areas and could be an income diversifying activity in the project area. Marketing and sales of honey and other products will be promoted by the ACNN.
Photographic tourism is an income generating activity in many conservation areas. In Niassa Province several successful camps have been established on Lake Niassa and inside the Niassa Reserve. As access is difficult, these camps cater for low volume, high paying guests. However, as roads are developed and access become easier, the opportunity for further camp establishment becomes possible.